Since ancient times, men associate a full crop of crowning glory with youth, vigor and health, while women associate hair with femininity, attractiveness and sex appeal. Thus, loss of hair presents itself not only as an aesthetic health problem, but also a great dampener on one’s self-esteem and confidence! What’s worse is the many myths surrounding hair loss and the myriad of treatments marketed to the general public – an unlucky sufferer may have to go around in circles spending thousands, only to see little to no result.

Scratch your scalp no more as I give you a gentle guiding hand in exploring the hairy issues of this sensitive topic!

male pattern hair loss


One of the most common forms of hair loss is Androgenetic Alopecia ( also known widely as Male Pattern Hair Loss). It causes the typical frontal and central balding pattern in men and central thinning in women that we all know about.

So what’s the main cause? Androgen hormones. Testosterone is an androgen and gets broken down by an enzyme 5-Alpha-Reductase (5AR) into Dihydrotesterone (DHT). DHT is the culprit hormone which acts on the hair follicles, causing them to have a shorter cycle of hair growth and grow shorter, thinner strands of hair. This results in the typical receding hairline and central bald patches in men. In women, they cause central thinning but rarely cause bald patches.

Let’s cut to the chase and reveal the treatment options.

Androgenetic Alopecia



The FDA and HSA-approved treatments are Propecia™, Minoxidil, iGROW™ Laser therapy and Hair transplantation. We only believe in proven treatments because we only want the best results for our patients at David Loh Surgery.


An oral medication that blocks the action of 5AR (refer to top), thus preventing the formation of DHT. This stops the negative effects of DHT on the hair follicles, enabling the hair follicles to flourish. It is a prescription medicine and requires a doctor’s follow-up. It takes 3-6 months for its effects to be apparent, and it is very efficacious for the crown region. However, it is unable to regenerate new hairs on the frontal hairline.


A topical scalp lotion which causes hair growth. It was first marketed as an oral medication to treat high blood pressure, but doctors noticed that it has the ‘good’ side effect of hair growth. Now it is only used in the topical form. It can be used by both men and women to good effect.


Stimulates the scalp and energizes follicles to produce growth factors and extends the growth phase, causing increased hair growth activity. Multiple clinical studies have shown that over 90% of men and women in these studies experienced significant hair growth, which is comparable or better than Propecia and minodixil. One of these lasers has been FDA-approved and is safe for hair loss patients.


Usually not the first-line treatment – however, the results may be the most aesthetically pleasing. In patients who want to cosmetically improve their receding hairlines fast, this is the best option (as Propecia does not work well on the frontal hairline). Even ladies suffering from Female Pattern Hair Loss can also benefit from hair transplants. Do not worry – it is not as scary as it sounds. Using only local anaesthesia, donor hair follicles from hair-loss resistant areas of the scalp ( back and sides) are removed and carefully prepared, before being implanted on the desired parts of the scalp to restore a natural-looking, youthful hairline. Patients often fall asleep in the surgery process – that is a testament to the local anaesthesia techniques. Post-operatively, there is a close to invisible scar even for strip surgery due to advanced suturing techniques reinforced in South Korea. Our doctors’ focus is on creating the most natural looking hairline and cosmetically pleasing hair densities and distribution, to restore patients’ crowning glories and youthful vigour.



  • Alopecia Areata – It is characterized by patchy bald areas of hair loss and is usually secondary to an autoimmune reaction, which means that one’s own antibodies attack parts of the scalp to cause hair loss. Dr KJ Wong advocates intra-lesional injections to treat this condition.

  • Nutritional Deficiencies – Deficiency in Vitamins A,B,C and also copper, iron, folate and zinc may also lead to hair loss, thus a healthy diet is encouraged. This consists of lean meat, vegetables and fruits. Supplementation may be needed if any of those listed are found to be deficient in one’s diet.

  • Thyroid conditions – Hyper or Hypothyroidism causes either too high or too low levels of the thyroid hormone in our bodies. Dysfunction of the thyroid gland is a well known cause of hair loss.

  • Scalp Infections – Certain fungus can penetrate and invade your scalp, causing infection and hair loss. It is temporary if appropriate treatment is instituted to treat the infection.

  • Telogen Effluvium – Major physical or mental stress can result in hair loss 3 or 4 months after, however it is usually temporary.

Feel free to call us on +65 6733 5300 to speak with us regarding
your hair loss concerns. Or email us.



Do not suffer in silence. Entertain lame balding jokes no more. Regain your youthful confidence. Hair loss is a highly treatable medical condition and treatments work best in the initial stages. Visit us early for a detailed consultation today.



Speak with us at (+65) 6733 5300 or send us an email